The shoulder is the most flexible in the body with the largest range of motion. Therefore, this joint is more prone to injury. For many of the injuries or shoulder problems, a procedure called shoulder arthroscopy can be used to treat the problem.
Using small portals about the diameter of a pen, a small camera inserted into the joint allows for direct visualization of the bones, the ligaments, the rotator cuff and other structures. Through accessory portals, instruments can be placed which allow for repair of injuries. Because an arthroscope uses small incisions which poke into the muscle rather than cutting the muscle, recovery is often shorter and less painful than recovery from open surgery.